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José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Ponte and Palacios Blanco, known as Simón Bolívar was born in Caracas on July 24, 1783 and died in Santa Marta, on December 17, 1830. He was a Venezuelan military and politician, founder of the republics of Greater Colombia and Bolivia. He was one of the most outstanding figures of American emancipation against Spain. It contributed to inspire and concrete decisively the independence of present-day Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela and the reorganization of Peru.

In 1813 he was awarded the honorary title of Libertador by the Cabildo of Merida in Venezuela, which, after being ratified in Caracas that same year, was associated with his name.

The problems to carry out his plans were so frequent that he even affirmed that he was the man of difficulties in a letter addressed to General Francisco de Paula Santander in 1825.

He participated in the founding of Gran Colombia, a nation he tried to consolidate as a great political and military confederation in America, of which he was president. Bolivar is considered by his actions and ideas the Man of America and a figure of the universal history.

He left a political legacy in the Latin American countries, some of which have turned him into an object of nationalist veneration. He has received honors in different parts of the world through statues, monuments, parks, squares, etc. His ideas gave rise to the political current of Bolivianism.

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