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It is a nation located on the north coast of the South American region, sharing borders to the west and southwest with Colombia, to the southeast with Brazil and to the east with Guyana, it besides has maritime borders with the islands of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba (dependents of Holland ) on the facade of the Caribbean Sea and on the Atlantic with Trinidad and Tobago. In addition there are under its dependence many islands scattered in the Caribbean Sea, being the greatest the Island of Margarita; Well away from the mainland is the Island of Birds, of great strategic importance as it increases the continental shelf of the country.

During the pre-Columbian era, its territory was home to important tribal groups of Amerindians such as the Caribs, Venezuelan aborigines occupied the mountainous region, the plains and Guayana. After being sighted by Christopher Columbus in 1498, a process of colonization began shortly afterwards and then a process of cultural mestizaje.

Venezuela was the first country in Latin America to proclaim its independence from the Spanish Crown, a process that was consolidated with the Battle of Carabobo. After a long chapter of civil conflicts, the Republic found its way towards the modernization of the hand of notoriously authoritarian governments.

In the middle of the 20th century, the struggle for a democratic system began, which was consolidated after the overthrow of General Marcos Pérez Jiménez in 1958. Due to the oil boom, Venezuela experienced a period of high economic growth, which was interrupted by the energy crisis of the 1980s, provoking a period of political and social instability alternated with financial ups and downs until in 1999, when a former member of the Armed Forces of that country, named Hugo Chavez, reached the presidency by initiating a process of socio-political changes and reforms and economic policies whose main examples are the Constituent Assembly of 1999 and the transition to the so-called "Socialism of the 21st Century" started in 2005, in what many recognize as the Bolivarian Revolution.

Venezuela is a tropical country, which has common geographical features with other nations of the American continent, as well as Africa, Asia and Oceania, which are located between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, both in the Northern Hemisphere and in the South. Its location favors that the continental and insular territory present varied tropical climates, with great natural potential of renewable solar energy, expressed in an exuberant and varied vegetation in hot and humid environments. It presents a great physiographic diversity, originated by the occurrence of 27 climatic zones, 12 types of natural vegetation, 23 types of relief and 38 large geological units, with a soil cover that has a wide variety of characteristics and qualities.

With a height of 979 m above sea level, the falls Angel Falls are the highest waterfall in the world and one of the most recognized and revered symbols of Venezuela.

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