Born on June 3, 1931 in Birán, then Oriente province. He made his first studies in the city of Santiago de Cuba and later he moved to Havana. There he passed the secondary education and entered the University, where he participated in the student struggles against the corrupt government of Carlos Prío Socarrás and the tyranny of Fulgencio Batista.

In 1953 he attended as a delegate the International Conference for the Defense of the Youth Rights, held in Vienna. He was invited to participate in the Meeting of the International Preparatory Committee of the Fourth World Festival of Youth and Students in Bucharest.

Later he was part of the young people who on July 26 of that same year attacked the Moncada Barracks in the city of Santiago de Cuba, where he directed the group that took the Palace of Justice in support of the main action commanded by Fidel. For such acts he was sentenced to 13 years in prison and transferred to the Presidio of the Isle of Pines.

In 1956 he was amnestied along with the rest of the assailants thanks to the popular struggle. The persecution of the tyranny forced him to enter in the Embassy of Mexico and soon he moved to that country. In Mexican lands he participated in the preparations for the expedition that culminated with the landing of the Granma Yatch, on December 2, 1956. After the dispersion following the first combat of the Rebel Army in Alegria de Pio, he was in charge of a small group of four expeditioners until December 18 in which he manages to meet Fidel Castro in the place known as Cinco Palmas, in Purial de Vicana.

He participated in the campaign of the Sierra Maestra, and on February 27, 1958 by his merits Fidel ascended him to Commander. At that time they were entrusted to cross the then Oriente province as head of a column to open, northeast of that territory, the Second Eastern Front "Frank País", which he led until the end of the liberation war.

After the revolutionary triumph of January 1st, 1959 Raul Castro was designated military chief of the province of Oriente. In October of that year, when the Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (MINFAR) was created, he was appointed Minister.

He was part of the National Directorate of the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations, and later the National Directorate of the United Party of the Socialist Revolution of Cuba. In October 1965, when the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba was created, he was elected as its Second Secretary, and ratified as such in the II, III, IV, and V Congresses of the organization.

He has been a deputy to the National Assembly of People's Power since its creation in 1976, and on December 3 of that year he was elected First Vice-President of the Councils of State and Ministers.

For the services rendered to the defense of the country, he was promoted to the rank of Army General the 15 on November 15, 1976.

On the occasion of the celebration of the 40th Anniversary of his promotion to Commander of the Rebel Army on February 27, 1998, he was granted along with the Commander of the Revolution Juan Almeida Bosque, the honorific title of Hero of the Republic of Cuba And "Orden Máximo Gómez" First Degree, in consideration of his long career, his great revolutionary merits and the consecration to duty during these years.

He has also received other national and foreign decorations.

Raul Castro Ruz has made notable contributions to the Cuban Revolution as a political leader, statesman and military chief. In this last aspect, he emphasizes his decisive participation at the head of the Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces, in the results in the preparation of the country for the defense and in the practical application of the conception of the War of the Whole People.

Since 2008 Raúl Castro is the President of the Republic of Cuba.

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