It is the largest existing international organization. It is defined as a global government partnership that facilitates cooperation on issues such as international law, international peace and security, economic and social development, humanitarian affairs and human rights. It was founded on October 24, 1945, at the end of World War II, as part of the San Francisco Conference, as a substitute for the former League of Nations.

This organization is structured in various administrative bodies: General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, General Secretariat, Trusteeship Council and the International Court of Justice. The main public figure of the UN is the General Secretary, position exerted by the Portuguese socialist Politician António Guterres, who assumed the position on January 1 of 2017

It emerges as an intergovernmental organization that integrates the international community and serves as a tool for governments to address global issues and problems and to take action on almost all issues of concern to humanity. These issues are analyzed according to a series of purposes and principles established in chapter 1 of the "Charter of the United Nations", with the following objectives: 

  • Maintain peace and national security.
  • Enhance friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principles of equality of rights and self-determination of peoples.
  • Foster international cooperation to solve international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems.
  • Promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  • To be a center of harmonization among nations to achieve common ends.

They are neither an entity above the states nor a government of governments. They do not have their own army and do not collect taxes. The Organization is subject to the political will of its members for the implementation of the decisions and depends on the contributions of its members for the execution of the activities.

They play a central role in several issues of general interest such as:Reduce international tensions.

  • Prevent conflicts.
  • End the hostilities that have already taken place.
  • Legislation on the environment, outer space and the seabed.
  • Eradicate diseases.
  • Increase food production.
  • Assisting and protecting refugees.
  • Fight against illiteracy.
  • React quickly in natural disaster situations.
  • Establish global norms in the field of human rights.
  • Protect and promote the rights of all people.

For this work and the achievements of the Organization and its specialized agencies, as well as various personages related to the UN, they were recognized with the Nobel Prize of Peace in 2001.

According to the Charter, the official languages of the United Nations are Chinese, Spanish, French, English and Russian. In addition, Arabic has been added as the official language of the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council and the Security Council.

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