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Havana, Cuba_ Marino Murillo Jorge, Politburo member and Head of the Permanent Commission for the Implementation and Development and Minister of Economy and Planning, said that in the analysis of the documents participated not only the delegates but also a wide number of invitees representing the different social sectors, the digital site of Granma newspaper publishes.

According to Jorge Murillo, the implementation of the Guidelines and its updating for the period 2016-202 were discussed by 296 delegates and 1,045 guests and 2,218 interventions were generated in committees and plenary sessions.

The functioning of state-owned entities and the non-agricultural cooperatives, the social policies and the quality of services, the local development, agribusiness, transportation, construction, tourism, training of cadres and officials are among the most discussed topics in the provinces.

These issues aroused in the provinces, 410 proposals, of which 374 were approved by the provincial plenary sessions and 316, carried the document presented to the Seventh Congress and 58 were not accepted.

Referring to the guidelines related to the policy of science, technology, innovation and the environment, Ruberdanis Tamayo, from Holguin, said that although the report on the results of the implementation records that 112 projects of scientific research and scientific-technological services have been carried out to know the state of natural resources and the environment, they are moderately applied.

"Giving only an example, I would mention the studies on hazard, vulnerability and risk, theme in which we have many things yet to do taking into consideration the recommendations given. The document presented should recognize that weakness”, Tamayo added.

On the other hand, delegate Alberto Falla, from Havana, referred to the Guidelines dedicated to the education sector and the importance of relevance of which is required in the report the relevance of strengthening in the report the importance of studying the history of Cuba, with a higher political value.

Ena Elsa Velázquez, delegated for Santiago de Cuba and Education Minister, admitted that it is a failure of the system in which we must go deeply, so the delegates approved the proposal.

About the education, the report of the results of the implementation also reflects that even when the amount of teachers needed were solved in some areas, mainly in primary, preschool and special education, there are provinces like Havana, Artemisa and Matanzas, as well as municipalities like Ciego de Avila and Camagüey, where there are still many difficulties with the educational coverage.

On that aspect, the Education minister acknowledged that Mayabeque is also among the provinces with problems in this regard because the insufficient entrance to pedagogical schools and university.

The defense of the national culture also generated criteria on the opening day of debate. Regarding this matter, the delegate Alberto Falla considered that although the high consumption of foreign audiovisual products and the imitation of foreign cultural patterns is recognized in the report, we should speak in terms of dealing with hegemonic cultures.

He argued that the cultures of the peoples of America and others as Africans lack spread and have many values, so it is not that what we have to face, but the mechanisms of the cultural industry that promotes the banality and shows a different way of life.

On reaching the analysis of the implementation of the Agroindustrial Policy Guidelines, the delegates take a break to reflect deeply on the theme due to the relevance of the subject in the people’s everyday life.

Over the past five years, the food production has kept a low growth rate, so the annual food imports reached an average of two million dollars, from which about a halfthat could be produced in Cuba.

But which moved the opinions were the high marketing prices and the impact that has on it the self-employment figures approved and the wholesalers and retailers of agricultural products.

Yunier Gonzalez, delegate for Artemisa, said that the approval of these figures was necessary in a monent, when Acopio company disappeared from that territory.

"At present, since the State is hiring up to the 80 percent of the productions with very favorable prices for producers, I considere that the wholesalers should not continue existing, as they have become fundamentally into resellers", Gonzalez added.

Marino Murillo noted that wholesalers were only approved in Havana, Artemisa and Mayabeque, from the marketing experiment in this territory, and although they could only sell in those three provinces, they could buy throughout the country. He said that having been successful, the idea would be widespread, but because the results achieved until, we have decided not to extend it.

During the exchange it was known that in the country there are more than 200 wholesalers approved, but there are others that operate illegally. Therefore, both the Chief of the Implementation Commission, as the member of the Politburo and first secretary in Havana, Mercedes Lopez Acea, are in favor of facing hard the illegal activities and not only in this activity of the self-employment work.

Juan Rodriguez, delegate for Holguin, ratified the idea that Acopio has been recovering and said that it still remains to solve the problems of default in some places, but that all can work well.

"The cooperative is the entity which has to market the products, the trade mechanism must be between Acopio and the productive ways, because everything that gets into that relationship results in high prices for the people," Rodriguez stressed.

After recognizing the recovery of Acopio in some provinces, as well as the circumstances that led to the experiment of commercialization, the commission, voted in favor of the proposal of Luis Daniel Roger, delegate for Santiago de Cuba, who stressed that we must recognize in the wording of the report, that the test did not work out.

The delegate Lidis Maria Rodriguez, from Havana, expressed that the report on the results of the implementation does not collect the evaluation of the work carried out to avoid the concentration of the property, aspect referred to in guideline 3. About this she said it is a matter of essence to keep our system which becomes stronger in this new stage, as Raul expressed in the morning.

Marino Murillo acknowledged that steps have been taken in this direction from the limitation on the amount of land delivered in usufruct and through the principles of the Law on Foreign Investment, among others. However, the delegates approved the writing of a draft that includes an evaluation on the topic.

But the subject continued on debate, this time in the discussion of the new guidelines, because number three was modified to include, along with the principle of not allowing the concentration of ownership in the forms of non-state management, the regulation in the concentration of wealth in natural or legal persons.

Roberto Reyes La O, delegate for Holguin, intervened at this point and said that the limits for such concentration are not defined. He noted that many people that today accumulate goods contribute to the country's economy, because besides producing, they also encourage small industries.

He meant that there is a difference between not allowing and regulating, but in any case we cannot discourage the development of the productive forces with any kind of action.

"It is better to pay well a producer in Cuba that to import food, this text will be regulated, but it must have to be defined yet. We know that while promoting the development of productive forces, we must regulate them, Murillo said.

"We must find the average between what they earn and how much they contribute to society. That is the complexity of going to a system where there are multiple forms of ownership. The secret is to find the balance”, the Head of the Implementation Committee continued.

Fernando Gonzalez, Hero of the Republic of Cuba and invited the conclave, said the main regulatory mechanism is the production.

"Today a farmer who produces pork meat earns more because the prices this product has, but to the extent that we can produce more, the prices will be proportionately lower and to earn the same will be more difficult. Another mechanism is that of progressive taxation, as established in the Law", González argued.

Roberto Pupo, delegate for Holguin, said that there is no way to avoid the concentration of wealth in efficient producers. That is a reality today, where there are people who work and earn a lot for it.

Diogenes Almenares, from Santiago de Cuba, stressed that for him there is a contradiction, because the guideline says this will not be allowed, but in reality that already exists. The right thing is to say: regulate.

The property relations define a system, Jorge Murillo explained. There is no way to distribute wealth equally when you are not the owner. However, we know that there is insufficient development of the productive forces and so we have to approve other forms of complementary management, but we must set limits, because if not, they are not complementary.

He noted that the fact that individuals become entrepreneurs and small business into enterprises, changes the panorama.

"They will be treated as such from the adoption of an enterprise law regulating the companies with control mechanisms, whether legal, economic and indirect" he argued.

"With regard to legal rules, the establishment of the limits of the number of hectares that someone can have is an example. The tax is another way and is the key in the redistribution of wealth. But the essence is in the model, because the US’s is one of the world's most efficient tax systems and there is concentration of wealth, Murillo said.

Gladys Bejerano, delegate for Havana, called to study Raul’s intervention during the reading of the report, where he alluded to the topic. Shee supported the drafting of the guideline, because it is a current concern of the population and not just because there are farmers who have money as a result of their work.

"We must see other shady business in different sectors of society, and that even those occurring between individual producers and state enterprises. Not to address this issue is to move away from the essence of our social system, Bejerano meant.

Near the end, delegates supported the criteria of Miriam Marban González, delegate for Havana, who asked to include a guideline on accounting, from the recognized difficulties in this regard.

She noted that in many cases accounting is not used as a tool for making management decisions. She said the problems are multi factorial; they go through the staff completions, the preparation, so it is necessary to pay attention to its strengthening.

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Category: PCC Congress
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